What are terpenes and in which wines are they most present? The world of aromas related to wine is very vast, complex and interesting.
LET’S FIND OUT WHAT TERPENES ARE
- The scents of wine
- Correct answer
What are terpenes?
We finally find out through this article.
It is a wide range of chemical compounds present in grapes, with “peaks” concerning the so-called aromatic vines (traminer, malvasia, moscato, aleatico, brachetto…). They accumulate in the grape during ripening. Terpenes are the basis of those primary scents, for example, floral scents that we unmistakably perceive and appreciate during the olfactory examination.
Terpenes are geraniol, menthol, myrcene, camphor, limonene, isoprenol, phytoene, and squalene. The latter is found free in high quantities (90%) in shark liver oil and in trace amounts (0.1-0.7%) in olive oil, yeast, human sebum and earwax.
2. THE SCENTS OF WINE
Among the floral aromas and aromas of wine we can mention rose (geraniol) in Gewürztraminer, violet (linalool and α-terpineol) in Sangiovese, acacia (linalool and geraniol) in Malvasia, orange blossom (linalool and limonene) ) in Moscato or withered flowers in Nebbiolo (geranic acid, citronellol).
3. CORRETCT ANSWER
The correct answer to the weekly quiz “What are terpenes?” is number 3.
Xsperienza has created pages on the site dedicated to providing advice and suggestions for an excellent food-wine and music pairing on the occasion of particular types of events, such as a “BUSINESS LUNCH” or a “ROMANTIC DINNER”. Consult the section dedicated to combinations to find the advice of our chefs and don’t forget to use our Spotify playlists dedicated to various occasions.
You might also be interested in:
Let’s find out what the grafting technique is and why it was fundamental to defeat the diffusion of phylloxera.
Wine aromas are classified according to their origin, their chemical affinity or by association with natural smells already known.
The origin of the vine dates back to Asia Minor, only to be transported all over the world thanks to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans.